Have you ever faced discrimination in your workplace? In this article, we will discuss the laws against discrimination in the workplace. Discrimination is based on different factors like birthplace, race, ethnicity and many more. The employees are treated in unfair means as a result of discrimination. There may be some notable exceptions like affirmative action where the discrimination can be violated by federal laws. Some states will follow laws which are stricter than federal laws against discrimination in the workplace.
The employee should be investigated secretly regarding the discrimination in the workplace so that the problem can be resolved to prevent conflict and the organization can be protected in the best possible way. There are some important federal laws to prohibit the discrimination at your workplace.
The federal laws are listed as follows:
Title VII:This will come under the civil rights act of1964. The discrimination against race, color, national origin, race and sex can be prohibited by this act. This act applies to all the state and local government, private employers, educational institutions who have more than 15 employers.
Equal pay act: This act is applicable when there is a difference of pay scale between the men and women when they are working in the similar conditions at the workplace. All the employers under the federal government come under this act.
Pregnancy discrimination act: According to this act there should be no discrimination regarding the pregnancy, medical conditions and childbirth.
Family and medical leave act: This act applies to the discrimination against parents and pregnant women including the employee with serious health conditions.
Age discrimination: This act will prohibit the discrimination against the employers whose age is more than or equal to 40 years. It will also cover the private employers with 20 or more employers, local and state governments, labor organizations and employment agencies.
Nineteenth-century civil rights act: This act was amended in the year 1993. It ensures that every person has equal rights according to the law and they can also outline the damages according to this act.
Genetic information nondiscrimination act: This act will prohibit the employers, labor unions and employment agencies from discrimination against the employees based on their genetic information. It also prohibits the insurers to receive high premiums based on the genetic information of the employees.
Many states have the federal laws similar to the above ones,but some states have more protected categories that will cover the federal laws.
As per the employment non-discrimination act, the sexually oriented discrimination is prohibited in the workplace. The federal law is currently not prohibiting the discrimination against sexual orientation. But some states have the discrimination laws that apply to homosexual,transsexual and bisexual individuals. In few states the sexual discrimination is prohibited at some municipalities.
When an employee wants to file a case against their employer under Title VII, the employee must charge a file with the EEOC. If the claim has merit, then it will issue or else they can file a complaint.